Praxinoscope  

Predecessor of the cinema, this apparatus – which can be considered an improved version of the zoetrope – was built in 1877 by E. Reynaud, French inventor and pioneer of animated movies. The revolving drum’s rotation creates a cinematographic illusion, allowing us to observe a clear sequence in which the images blend to create animation. To see the praxinoscope in action, press here
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Praxinoscope