Pantograph

The first known copying apparatus, this articulated device was invented by the German Christopher Scheiner in 1603. when it was used for copying maps at different scales. Any kind of illustration, photo or drawing can be copied with it. Given its mechanical simplicity, the result is impressive.

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Pantograph

Print discovered in “Prattica del parallelogrammo da disegnare,” (Bologna, 1653), Italian versión of Christoph Scheiner’s “Pantographice seu ars delineandi” on the pantograph.