Mechanical Flip Book

Pre-cinematographic device related to the Mutoscope.
The moving image seen here is a fragment of “serpentine dance”, the work of French filmmaker Alice Guy, initiator of visual narrative fiction, producer and scriptwriter. She is thought to have made 600 films between 1896 and 1920. The dance we see here was created by the choreographer Loie Fuller in 1891 and it became very popular in its time.

First colour films.
From the beginning of film-making, efforts were made to liken the images to reality by including color. At first the images were coloured by hand, one by one, with a paint brush, which meant that if one second of a film contained 16 images, for a film of just 10 minutes, 9.600 images – each measuring 30 millimetres wide – had to be hand-painted! Colour in films evolved from colouring being applied with filters, to chemical alterations made to the celluloid, to projections with green, red and blue glass. Finally, in 1916, with a system of additive color, Technicolor set down the bases of what would be the technique of color cinema for a long time.

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Alice Guy

Alice Guy Blaché, one of the first film directors.